Thorny-headed worms

Neoechinorhynchus (Neoechinorhynchus) zabensis sp. n. (Acanthocephala: Neoechinorhynchidae) from freshwater fish in northern Iraq.

Publication Type:Journal Article
Year of Publication:2003
Authors:O. M. Amin, Abdullah, S. M. A., Mhaisen, F. T.
Journal:Folia Parasitol (Praha)
Date Published:2003 Dec
Keywords:Acanthocephala, Animals, Cyprinidae, Female, Fish Diseases, Fresh Water, Helminthiasis, Animal, Iraq, Male

Neoechinorhynchus (Neoechinorhynchus) zabensis sp. n. (Acanthocephala: Neoechinorhynchidae) is described from Capoeta damascina (Valenciennes, 1842) (type host) and Capoeta trutta (Heckel, 1843) in the Greater and Lesser Zab Rivers, northern Iraq. The new species is unique among all other species of the genus by its characteristic paired para-vaginal muscular appendage and fragmented giant nuclei in the lemnisci. Eleven of the other 88 valid species of Neoechinorhynchus and N. zabensis have middle and posterior hooks of equal length. However, N. zabensis is distinguished from the others by size of trunk, proboscis, proboscis hooks and lemnisci, number of giant nuclei, position of female gonopore, and geographical and host distribution. It is also distinguished from six other species of Neoechinorhynchus previously reported from Iraq. Other distinguishing features are also included.

Alternate Journal:Folia Parasitol.
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