Thorny-headed worms

The morphology of an unique population of Corynosoma strumosum (Acanthocephala, Polymorphidae) from the Caspian seal, Pusa caspica, in the land-locked Caspian Sea using SEM, with special notes on histopathology

Publication Type:Journal Article
Year of Publication:2011
Authors:O. M. Amin, Heckmann, R. A., Halajian, A., El-Naggar, A. M.
Journal:Acta ParasitologicaActa Parasitol.
Pagination:438 - 445
Date Published:2011///
ISBN Number:12302821 (ISSN)
Keywords:Acanthocephala, Caspian Sea, Caspian seal (Pusa caspica), Corynosoma strumosum, histopathology, isolated population, morphology, SEM

Over 700 specimens of Corynosoma strumosum (Rudolphi, 1802) Lühe, 1904 were collected from one young male Caspian seal, Pusa caspica (Gmelin) in the southern land-locked Caspian Sea in April, 2009. Collected worms showed consistent variations from those reported by other observers using light microscopy especially in proboscis hook and trunk spine patterns. SEM images revealed many features that have not been previously reported including the shape and distribution of trunk spines, dorsoventral differences in proboscis hooks and their organization, the baldness of anterior proboscis, the rough egg topography, epidermal micropores, and variations in the female gonopore. This isolated population of C. strumosum from the land-locked Caspian Sea is distinguished from others reported from open waters elsewhere by the distribution of trunk spines, consistently smaller size of trunk and testes, larger eggs, and fewer proboscis hooks. Histopathological sections reveal the invasive path of worms in host tissue with damage to intestinal villi and worm encapsulation. Information obtained from SEM studies and histopathological sections is reported for the first time. © Versita Warsaw and Springer-Verlag Wien.

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