Thorny-headed worms

A taxonomic reconsideration of the genus Plagiorhynchus s. lat. (Acanthocephala: Plagiorhynchidae), with descriptions of South African Plagiorhynchus (Prosthorhynchus) cylindraceus from shore birds and P. (P.) malayensis, and a key to the species of the s

Publication Type:Journal Article
Year of Publication:1999
Authors:O. M. Amin, Canaris, A. G., Kinsella, J. M.
Journal:Journal of the Helminthological Society of WashingtonJ. Helminthol. Soc. Wash.
Pagination:123 - 132
Date Published:1999///
ISBN Number:1049233X (ISSN)
Keywords:Acanthocephala, Aves, description, Plagiorhynchus (Prosthorhynchus) cylindraceus, Plagiorhynchus (Prosthorhynchus) malayensis, Plagiorhynchus cylindraceus, Plagiorhynchus formosus, Plagiorhynchus malayensis, Plagiorhynchus taiwanensis, Plagiorhynchus transversus, Prosthorhynchus cylindraceus, Prosthorhynchus formosus, Prosthorhynchus malayensis, Prosthorhynchus taiwanensis, Prosthorhynchus transversus, Shore birds, South Africa, Subgenera Plagiorhynchus s. str. and Prosthorhynchus, Taxonomic key

A population of Plagiorhynchus (Prosthorhynchus) cylindraceus (Goeze) Schmidt and Kuntz is described from 4 species of shore birds in South Africa. Specimens of 3 supposed synonyms of P. (P.) cylindraceus, namely P. (P.) formosus Van Cleave, P. (P.) taiwanensis Schmidt and Kuntz, and P. (P.) transversus (Rudolphi) Travassos, were studied and this synonymy was verified. The taxonomic status of Plagiorhynchus s. str. and of Prosthorhynchus was reconsidered, and both were retained as subgenera. Females of Plagiorhynchus (Prosthorhynchus) malayensis (Tubangui) Schmidt and Kuntz (nec malayense) are described for the first time; males are redescribed. A key to species of the subgenus Prosthorhynchus is provided.

Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith